Cliff Notes To State by State License Outlook

USA State Poker Cliff NotesPlease accept these cliff notes as a general guideline for your U.S. State outlook on licensed internet poker websites within your jurisdictional state.

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ALABAMA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Although there aren’t many legal pros to be found in Alabama on regulating internet poker, they have not passed any legislation making it illegal.
Legal Cons: Alabama’s law defines “chance” as; any contest, game, gaming scheme or gaming device in which the outcome depends in a material degree upon an element of chance, notwithstanding that skill of the contestants may also be a factor therein.

Summary:
Alabama’s law is more defined and strict compared to most other states so it looks like online poker might have a 60% chance in 3-4 years from coming to the state.

ALASKA
Chance: 5% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There are no specific laws currently in place making it illegal to play poker over the world-wide-web.
Legal Cons: Voters of Alaska were asked in 2008 if they would approve a Gaming Commission to oversee gambling activities within the state, and they said they wouldn’t.

Summary:
Alaska appears to be in the middle of the road on this topic. They are not making any progress in either direction, and they seem to be a state to favor more towards passing interstate poker than intrastate. 65% chance it’s 4-5 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, and 40% chance as interstate poker.

ARIZONA
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Arizona law is mostly directed towards individuals or organizations that operate or promote illegal gambling, not towards an individual person playing poker over the internet for example.
Legal Cons: In their statute section 13-3301, the definition of gambling states; one act of risking or giving something of value for the opportunity to obtain a benefit from a game or contest of chance or skill. Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona was the main representative of pushing the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (UIGEA) through the Senate.

Summary:
Listing “chance” or “skill” in their state law does not help the case of legalizing poker over the internet. 60% chance legislation gets passed within 2-3 years.

ARKANSAS
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There is no law that directly mentions the playing of poker on the internet is illegal in the state of Arkansas.
Legal Cons: In Section 5-66-106 of their state statute it mentions “gambling devices – betting” as; it is unlawful for any person to bet any money or other valuable thing or any representative of anything that is esteemed of value on any game prohibited by ß 5-66-104. ß 5-66-104 mentions; it is unlawful for a person to set up, keep, or exhibit any gaming table or gambling device, which also includes adapted, devised, or designed for the purpose of playing any game of chance or at which any money or property may be won or lost.

Summary:
For Arkansas to have a better chance to regulate and tax poker online they would need to approve commercial and/or Indian casino in their state. 65% chance in 3-4 years from coming to the Arkansas.

CALIFORNIA
Chance: 50% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There are multiple pieces of legislation for regulating poker online, and it should just be a matter of time until it’s passed.
Legal Cons: The bills are being somewhat stalled on getting passed mainly because the Indian tribes, poker card rooms and horse race tracks within the state cannot seem to agree on a plan that is fair for everyone involved.

Summary:
California will most likely be in the first handful of states to legalize poker over the net. It just makes sense for them to do so with their tremendous amount of state debt, their enormous population, and being very liberal. 70% chance in 1-2 years from coming to the state.

COLORADO
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Colorado is very liberal and often giving with controversial issues, such as legalizing marijuana which they passed. It might just be a matter of time before they change their stance on regulating internet poker and incorporating it into their laws.
Legal Cons: State statute Section 18-10-102(2) could include online poker as an illegal form of gambling in Colorado since it includes the verbiage “gambling device” depending on how the law is interpreted.

Summary:
They are pretty firm on their stance that if a gambling activity is not mentioned in their law as legal it is considered illegal, which could include playing poker over the internet, but the future looks promising. 60% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

CONNECTICUT
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: At this time there are no positives within the state of Connecticut on regulating and taxing poker over the internet.
Legal Cons: Section 53-278a of Connecticut law specifically mentions poker and states the following: risking any money, credit, deposit or other thing of value for gain contingent in whole or in part upon lot, chance or the operation of a gambling device, including the playing of a casino gambling game such as blackjack, poker, craps, roulette or a slot machine.

Summary:
Government representatives within the state have voiced their opinion of not favoring legal internet poker anytime soon and they consider it illegal under their current laws to own and operate such a business. 55% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

DELAWARE
Chance: 100% chance, legislation has already been approved.
Legal Pros: Interstate poker has been passed in the state.
Legal Cons: There are no legal cons since legislation has been passed.

Summary:
Delaware has passed and approved online poker in the state. Operations are up and running.

FLORIDA
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: The state has multiple forms of poker on land and boats. Poker is extremely popular at pari-mutuals.
Legal Cons: Law 849.14 was recently passed prohibiting poker on any electronic device.

Summary:
Florida’s online law was poorly written and clearly made protectionist for the land based poker rooms. Land operators will have to see the value in online poker and have laws written in their favor – bribery. Maybe in the next 1-2 years the laws will be changed due to the large population and the many who play poker.

GEORGIA
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: At this time there are no positives in Georgia on regulating and taxing poker over the internet.
Legal Cons: In Georgia Code 16-12-20 classifies a “bet” as: an agreement that, dependent upon chance even though accompanied by some skill, one stands to win or lose something of value.

Summary:
They have one of the more clear cut written laws when it comes to betting, which could include a poker bet, as where most other states it’s very broad. 75% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

HAWAII
Chance:
5% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Hawaii wrote legislation on the passing of internet poker but the lack of support it received from state representatives diminished the bill and did not receive a hearing in the state’s House Financial Committee.
Legal Cons: They are one of two states in the USA that does not allow any forms of legal gambling activity, and they have strict laws in place.

Summary:
Some people think Hawaii will pass poker over the internet because they wrote legislation on it, but we feel otherwise here at PokerWebsites.com due to their current strict laws and outlook on gambling in general. 50% chance it’s 4-5 years away from coming to the state.

IDAHO
Chance:
10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: There have been no cases found where someone was arrested, fined, or sentenced to jail time for playing poker over the world-wide-web.
Legal Cons: State statute 18-3801 identifies a contest/game of skill to be a legal form of gambling. Many experts consider poker as a game of skill and not chance.

Summary:
Idaho has flexible poker laws and is open to legalizing it over the internet. If they had more people within their state they most likely would be in the first wave of states to legalize and implement interstate online poker. 45% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, and 65% chance as interstate poker.

ILLINOIS
Chance: 25% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Bills have been written and pushed for approval, but no final vote approval has been made just yet.
Legal Cons: Governor Quinn has vetoed bill SB 1739 and mentioned he will not approve any gaming legislation, including online poker, until ethical standards, comprehensive oversight and dedicated resources for education are met. But, a positive is he is no longer Governor.

Summary:
Illinois appears to be on the right path for getting approval. Many state representatives are in favor of regulated poker online, but a few still need to be persuaded it’s a good thing for the state. 55% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

INDIANA
Chance:
15% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Indiana law Section 35-45-5-3 mentions it is illegal to operate an online gambling activity, such as a casino, poker room or sportsbook for example, but it doesn’t mention anything illegal about being a player/customer/participant of such activity.
Legal Cons: The state has yet to create a bill on the legalization of online poker. Until legislation is drafted, the state will not be making much headway.

Summary:
Indiana is in the middle of the pack on this topic. As more states continue to move forward with regulation, they will most likely follow suit. 60% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

IOWA
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level by 2017.
Legal Pros: Senate File 526 directed a report to be prepared by the Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission for the creation and framework for the state regulation of intrastate internet poker. Click here for the Executive Summary.
Legal Cons: The state is having a difficult time zeroing in on how to tax poker over the net and how much to tax, as well as trying to estimate how much tax revenue the state would receive each year. The studies they have done vary too much which is causing hesitation.

Summary:
Iowa is an interesting state in the fact that they are open to legalizing poker online but are having difficulties gathering the right information to find out if it would be worthwhile. Some studies they have done show great financial benefits for doing so while others show very minimal gains. 70% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

KANSAS
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Although restrictions are in place for playing poker for real money over the computer within the state, it’s only a partial crime and the current laws do not regulate it as a whole.
Legal Cons: The Attorney General in Kansas issued poker over the internet as an illegal form of gambling in 1996, and restrictions are placed on gambling from computers within the State.

Summary:
Kansas officials go back and forth on this issue and their current laws reflect the same. 50% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

KENTUCKY
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There currently are no discussions or bills in the works for legalization.
Legal Cons: Kentucky is serious about not allowing people within their state to play poker over the net. There are a 140+ poker websites that are not allowed to accept players from Kentucky.

Summary:
If Kentucky ever passes legalized intrastate poker, they most likely will be in the last handful of states to do so with their strict rules and regulations currently in place. 55% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

LOUISIANA
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Rep. Mike Huval has stated he wants to study the feasibility and practicality of authorizing Internet gaming in Louisiana and report the findings to the legislature.
Legal Cons: Louisiana has very strict gambling laws in place and they do not accept games of skill to be wagered on.

Summary:
Although Louisiana has several land based casinos and is a hot spot for gambling, it doesn’t look like they will be legalizing online poker this year or next year. 70% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

MAINE
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: For Maine it’s a double edged sword for the legal pro and legal con. As you see in their laws below it mentions illegal gambling as a game of chance where poker can be argued as a game of skill. Basically, their laws are not defined well enough.
Legal Cons: Title 17-A Chapter 39 Section 952 in their statute it mentions a person engages in gambling if he stakes or risks something of value upon the outcome of a contest of chance. Playing poker over the internet can be deemed a game of skill rather than chance.

Summary:
Maine would mostly likely be a state to legalize internet poker sooner rather than later if they had a larger population or were to join other states in interstate poker compacts. 45% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, and 70% for interstate poker.

MARYLAND
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: They currently offer legal online games to their citizens, lottery games, so they already have an understanding and system in place when it comes to online gambling.
Legal Cons: Maryland is in the upper tier of states with strict gambling laws in general on a state level. They have attacked several gambling and poker sites over the years to get their domain names seized by the US government.

Summary:
Maryland has several land based casinos within their state which should help the process, and there is probably a 55% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

MASSACHUSETTS
Chance: 50% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Massachusetts legislature has been introducing legislation to start the process of legalizing online gambling within the State. Some bills have focused on the sales of lottery tickets over the internet while others included online poker.
Legal Cons: Chapter 271 Section 1 in their State statutes mentions it is a crime if; winning at one time or sitting, by gaming or betting on the sides or hands of those gaming, money or goods to the value of five dollars or more.

Summary:
Massachusetts has the fourth highest debt, estimated $130 billion, by any other state in the United States. With that being said, many experts believe they will legalize online poker in the near future to help lower their debt from the tax revenue they would receive. 75% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

MICHIGAN
Chance: 65% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Michigan adopted the Public Act 185 in 2000 which makes them not a state that has in effect a specific prohibition against using the internet to make, offer or accept bets over the internet.
Legal Cons: Without a license, it is illegal to offer any form of gambling stated in their State Statute Section 432.218, and playing poker for money is also illegal within their gambling definition although it’s tough to tell if that also includes playing online.

Summary:
With Michigan’s favorable laws in place along with their state debt issues, poker may be a 80% chance 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

MINNESOTA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There are currently no legal pros to be listed since there are no bills in the works, and state representatives haven’t publicly spoken about their current views and future outlooks regarding this topic.
Legal Cons: State statute Section 609.75(d)(1) mentions: a bet is a bargain whereby the parties mutually agree to a gain or loss by one to the other of specified money, property or benefit dependent upon chance although the chance is accompanied by some element of skill. The key words in that section are “accompanied by some element of skill” which does not bode well for poker.

Summary:
Although no current legislation is in the works, state government officials are looking closely about possibly making online poker legal in their state in the future. 65% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

MISSISSIPPI
Chance: 35% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Mississippi continues to push legislation; House Bill No. 254: Mississippi Lawful Internet Gaming Act
Legal Cons: Their laws make it pretty clear that they do not allow the promoting or playing games for money that is not regulated by the state.

Summary:
Mississippi is an interesting state as in they could easily favor heavily for internet poker or favor heavily against it, but it appears the first is most likely to happen. The main reason is because they have dozens of brick and mortar casino throughout their state. 70% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

MISSOURI
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: A gambling activity, such as poker, is considered illegal if something of value is risked upon a contest of chance. The pro about this is poker is often considered a game of “skill” and not “chance” which could help make a strong case in a court of law if needed.
Legal Cons: Missouri has a definition of a “professional poker player” in their law which is someone who has earned a minimum of 20% of their yearly income in any of the last 5 years, and is considered a class D felony.

Summary:
With Missouri’s strict gambling laws in place it appears they will be on the back end of states regulating internet poker. 75% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

MONTANA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: One of four states exempt from the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act which allows legal sports betting. Oregon, Delaware and Nevada are the other three states.
Legal Cons: State statute 23-5-112, 21-a says; internet gambling through the use of communications technology that allows a person using money, paper checks, electronic checks, electronic transfers of money, credit cards, debit cards to transmit to a computer information to assist in the placing of a bet or wager and corresponding information related to the display of the game, game outcomes, or other similar information.

Summary:
Montana seems to have mixed feelings when it comes to their gambling and poker laws in general. 70% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

NEBRASKA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Nebraska continues to soften their stance on gambling decade after decade, and has allowed different forms to be legal. Hopefully, playing poker online for real money will be the next form of gambling they will make legal.
Legal Cons: State statute 8-1101 says a person engages in gambling if he or she bets something of value upon the outcome of a future event, which outcome is determined by an element of chance, or upon the outcome of a game, contest, or election. The keywords here are “element of chance” and “outcome of a game”, which poker could easily fall under.

Summary:
Although Nebraska has become more flexible with gambling and poker over the years, it doesn’t look too promising they will be legalizing poker over the internet anytime soon. 65% chance it’s 4-5 years away from coming to the state.

NEVADA
Chance: 100% chance, legislation has already been approved.
Legal Pros: Interstate poker has been passed and the first legal state licensed online poker site in the USA opened for business in April of 2013.
Legal Cons: Any online poker website/company in operation that accepted players in the USA after December 31, 2006 will not be able to have a chance at receiving a license for five years.

Summary:
Nevada was the first state to pass, incorporate and offer online poker to its residents or those physically located in the state.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: The state literally has no laws in place that could even question the legality of poker, weather it being a home game or on the internet for money. Most all other states at least have some legislation written to argue cases when it comes to gambling/poker.
Legal Cons: There are no significant legal cons at this time other than the obvious; they have not written legislation to help move this forward.

Summary:
New Hampshire has very flexible laws when it comes to gaming in general, and it looks like poker may be a 70% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

NEW JERSEY
Chance: 100% chance, legislation has already been approved.
Legal Pros: Intrastate poker has been passed in the state.
Legal Cons: Details have been worked out and residents or visitors to the state are free to play casino or poker games – no sports betting yet.

Summary:
New Jersey has passed and approved poker over the internet in the state. Operations are successfully running with leaders being the Borgata, WSOP, and PokerStarsNJ sites.

NEW MEXICO
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There has been discussions between state officials and the local Indian tribes about running online poker through them/their Indian casinos.
Legal Cons: Section 30-19.1B in their state statutes defines a “bet” as; a bargain in which the parties agree that, dependent upon chance, even though accompanied by some skill, one stands to win or lose anything of value specified in the agreement. Their definition is pretty precise and it’s never a good thing in regards to poker when it mentions “accompanied by some skill”.

Summary:
There are several Indian casinos throughout the state which could potentially cause issues when looking to legalizing online poker. There is probably a 65% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

NEW YORK
Chance: 50% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: The New York Senate put in writing that it supports authorizing and regulating Internet gaming for games of skill, including poker, to reflect recent changes in the classification of these games. Also, bills are being pushed in the legislature.
Legal Cons: Although the Senate supports this action, many think the Governor will not.

Summary:
New York is a great candidate for legalizing internet poker within their state, especially with its large population. 75% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

NORTH CAROLINA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Although they have some laws in place that could consider online poker to be illegal, the state has been more accepting to gambling activities in recent years by approving a State Lottery in 2006 and allowing table games at Indian casinos in 2012. Things are looking a little more upwards for poker regulation.
Legal Cons: State statute, Section 14-292 mentions any person who plays at or bets on any game of chance is considered illegal to do so. However, the big question here is whether or not poker is considered a game of chance or skill; many would say skill.

Summary:
There are no bills currently in the works to regulate and tax poker over the internet within their state, but that could change as more and more states incorporate intrastate poker. 60% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

NORTH DAKOTA
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: The Department of Justice has allowed North Dakota another chance at bringing their legislation to the front burner if they choose to since they have altered their views since 2005 regarding this topic. See the Legal Cons below to understand this more clearly.
Legal Cons:
North Dakota tried to pass legislature in 2005 making it legal to play poker online, which was headed up by Republican Jim Kasper. The House approved but it was denied by the Senate.

Summary:
Their laws discuss sports betting more than poker on its legality. If they had a larger population they would more likely pass and regulate legal online poker. 35% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, and 60% for interstate poker.

OHIO
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: They have no laws in the Penal Code that makes it illegal to play poker over the internet.
Legal Cons: Ohio law is more specific and detailed than most states when it comes to poker. In Chapter XXI, 2915.01 of their State statutes they mention; “game of chance” means poker, craps, roulette, or other game in which a player gives anything of value in the hope of gain, the outcome of which is determined largely by chance, but does not include bingo.

Summary:
Ohio’s current stance and outlook doesn’t seem too promising. They could be in the middle or end of the pack of states to approve. 40% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, 60% as interstate poker.

OKLAHOMA
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Oklahoma is one of only four states that allow charitable, pari-mutuel, lotteries, commercial, Indian, and racetrack forms of gambling. This is a very positive sign for future poker regulation.
Legal Cons: There currently are no bills in the works for regulating intrastate poker.

Summary:
Oklahoma is a very lenient and flexible state when it comes to gambling in general. It appears they could be in the first handful or two of states to approve online poker and most likely would go through their tribal casinos. 65% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

OREGON
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: One of four states, along with Montana, Delaware, and Nevada, exempt from the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act which allows legal sports betting.
Legal Cons: Section 167.109 in their statutes specifically talks about internet gambling, which includes poker, and mentions it is a felony to accept payments related to the participation of another person in unlawful gambling using the Internet.

Summary:
Oregon is an interesting state when looking at whether they will regulate internet poker in the near future; one might say yes because of the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act they have in place, while one might say no because of Section 167.109. 65% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

PENNSYLVANIA
Chance: 70% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: They do not have a definition of “gambling”, which includes poker, in their state laws. Many bills have been introduced in the legislature.
Legal Cons: Although their laws do not specifically define “gambling” they do mention “gambling devices” which are deemed illegal and could include a computer as a gambling device.

Summary:
Pennsylvania seems to have a positive outlook when it comes to regulating poker over the internet in the very near future, and maybe a 85% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

RHODE ISLAND
Chance: 20% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Their “gambling” definition in statute section 11-51-1 does not specifically mention poker as an illegal form of gambling.
Legal Cons: It appears at this time that voters within the state believe the positives do not outweigh the negatives when looking to pass regulated internet poker, but that is just hearsay for the time being.

Summary:
Rhode Island is just too small in population and land mass to pass online poker anytime soon, especially intrastate poker. They would be a state to hop on board for interstate poker. 30% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state as intrastate, 70% chance for interstate poker.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: There are not many positives to report at this time.
Legal Cons: Other than Hawaii and Utah they are the strictest state, along with Tennessee when it comes to legal gambling which includes poker over the internet, and only allows a State Lottery.

Summary:
South Carolina is one of the more strict states when it comes to legalized forms of gambling, they only offer a State Lottery. 55% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

SOUTH DAKOTA
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Their laws do not target players for internet gambling, just towards operators, and interstate poker most likely will be their only hope with the laws they have in place.
Legal Cons: South Dakota has passed laws that make it illegal to establish an internet gambling business, which includes poker, within the state.

Summary:
The state is strict when it comes to online gambling/poker and they already have laws passed to prove it. 35% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state as intrastate, 70% chance for interstate poker.

TENNESSEE
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Democrat Representative Steven Cohen of Tennessee has cosponsored a bill with 26 other representatives for favoring poker over the world-wide-web.
Legal Cons: Other than Hawaii and Utah they are the strictest state, along with South Carolina when it comes to legal gambling which includes online poker, and only allows a State Lottery.

Summary:
The biggest holdup for the state is trying to figure out if their State Lottery revenues would decrease, which funds the Hope Scholarship, if online poker was legalized. If someone could prove it wouldn’t, legislation would be passed much more quickly. 55% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

TEXAS
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Congressman Joe Barton of Texas introduces the Internet Poker Freedom Act legislation to license and regulate Internet poker.
Legal Cons: There appears to be some legal holdup on the passage of internet poker from the Indian casinos in the state. This might delay things for a bit, but it’s only a matter of time until a deal gets worked out and new laws are written.

Summary:
Texas most likely will be in the first or second wave of states to legalize poker online. 55% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

UTAH
Chance: 3% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: There are no legal pros or positive future outlooks at this time.
Legal Cons: Utah is one of two states in the USA that does not allow any forms of legal gambling activity, and they have strict laws in place.

Summary:
Utah is probably the state most against online gambling than any other state in the USA. Their final vote on HB108 which outlaws all internet gambling was 62 in favor, 10 against, and 3 absentees. 45% chance it’s 6-7 years away from coming to the state.

VERMONT
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Their gaming laws are very unclear and not well written, worst than most states, which makes it easier for people to make a case when it comes to legal matters.
Legal Cons: State legislatures have to first draft a bill before anything will even be considered, and that has not happened yet.

Summary:
Since their laws are poorly written one might think this opens the door for an easier transition when putting laws into place for passing poker over the internet for real money. 60% chance it’s 3-4 years away from coming to the state.

VIRGINIA
Chance: 15% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Being close to other states that have already approved online poker, such as Delaware and New Jersey, will only help the cause in them following suit.
Legal Cons: Section 18-2-325 in their statutes mentions illegal gambling as making, placing or receipt, of any bet or wager in this Commonwealth of money or other thing of value, made in exchange for a chance to win a prize, stake or other consideration or thing of value, dependent upon the result of any game, contest or any other event the outcome of which is uncertain or a matter of chance, whether such game, contest or event, occurs or is to occur inside or outside the limits of this Commonwealth.

Summary:
Virginia appears to be in the middle of the pack within US sates on this topic. 60% chance it’s 2-3 years away from coming to the state.

WASHINGTON
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Initiative 582 had been sent to legislatures which would license and regulate intrastate poker online if it had passed. Other bills have been proposed since.
Legal Cons: Washington State has some of the most detailed and strict laws in place when it comes to playing poker over the net. For example, they specifically mention that it is illegal to play poker for real money over the computer.

Summary:
Although state officials are looking into legalizing internet poker, it seems unlikely anything will get passed and put into place in the very near future; their laws are just too strict and detailed at the moment and would need to be seriously altered. 55% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state.

WEST VIRGINIA
Chance: 30% chance of legalization on the state level in 2017.
Legal Pros: Tough competition in the land casino market area will only help in the state passing legalized online poker as another source of revenue.
Legal Cons: State statute 61-10-4 discusses playing or betting at gaming tables and devices which is illegal to do so.

Summary:
Many believed West Virginia would sign a compact with Delaware in the near future, but now that Delaware recently signed a compact with Nevada it’s a little less clear at the moment. 40% chance it’s 1-2 years away from coming to the state as intrastate poker, and 65% chance as interstate poker.

WISCONSIN
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Wisconsin would be jumping on board with the interstate poker bandwagon if and when they decide to legalize poker online, rather than intrastate, due to their small size in population.
Legal Cons: A “bet” in defined in statute Section 945.01(1) as a bargain in which the parties agree that, dependent upon chance even though accompanied by some skill, one stands to win or lose something of value specified in the agreement. This law can be interpreted as pretty vague, but it does mention “accompanied by some skill” which easily can include the game of poker.

Summary:
Wisconsin will probably be towards the last handful of states to pass regulated poker over the internet. 55% chance of passing interstate poker within 3-4 years and 20% for intrastate.

WYOMING
Chance: 10% chance of legalization on the state level by the end of 2017.
Legal Pros: Wyoming has some of the most outdated gambling laws in the USA, and state government officials acknowledge they need to be re-looked at and updated.
Legal Cons: State statute Section 6-7-101 outlines their gambling laws. Again, with their laws being so unclear it’s tough to tell what is legal and what isn’t

Summary:
Wyoming would be much more open to be a part of interstate poker rather than intrastate since they have a very low population. 20% chance of passing intrastate poker in the next 3-4 years and 65% chance for interstate poker.

Author: Joseph Falchetti (twitter)
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